Septic systems are most often found in rural areas of Toutle WA and will consist of a series of pipes connecting it to the home, a septic tank, a filtering system to separate the solid waste from the liquid and connecting pipes that drain off the liquid waste into the yard, in a designated area called the drain field. These systems are often inspected before septic installation and tested afterwards, to make sure that it is operating properly.
Ownership of a septic tank system in Toutle WA means that everyone understands the importance of having regular septic tank inspection and septic pumping to catch potential problems before they happen. All too often, nothing is done until the worst happens, like the tank developing a leak, or it backs up into an area away from the drain field. Two easy ways to avoid this from happening include monitoring what goes into it as waste and remembering its physical location to avoid accidents.
When there is a septic system installation, the area where the septic tank is placed should be noted so that no accidental driving or parking of a heavy vehicle can occur. While most tanks are buried deep enough to avoid this, as a general principle it should be avoided to prevent damage to the tank in the future.
What are the health department regulations for a Septic Tank in Toutle WA?
If you live in a city or town you probably take your local municipal sewer system for granted. If you are moving out of said city or town to a more rural setting chances are you will need to have a septic tank system. In simple terms this means that all your waste water and sewage waste is treated right on your property instead of flowing down to the local waste water treatment plant. While this may not sound very sanitary there is nothing to worry about because septic tanks have been in use for many years. In fact nearly 25% of all homes in the U.S. use septic tank systems.
A septic tank system is a very simple structure, but for all its simplicity it is very efficient at what it does. The tank itself can be anywhere from one thousand gallons or higher and is usually placed a good distance away from the house. The main sewer pipe from the house is attached to one end of the septic tank while another pipe exits the far side and is buried in what is called the leech field.
The liquid and solid waste enters the first chamber in septic tank through the pipe connected to your house. The solids are trapped in this first chamber and are broken down by anaerobic bacteria. This reduces the amount of solid waste in the septic system allowing the liquid wastes to flow into the second chamber which then flows out the end pipe and into the leech or septic field. In most cases this is all accomplished with the help of gravity as we all know that poop flow downhill. In some cases the septic tank cannot be placed downhill from the house so a pump will need to be used in order for the system to work properly.
The liquid waste that flows into the leech field is relatively benign and will create a nutrient rich growing area. Any plants growing over it will thrive and many septic fields can be located just by finding the patch of land that is greener then the surrounding area.
As efficient as a septic tank system is there will always be solid waste that is not fully decomposed. This will eventually fill up the septic tank and require that you contact a septic tank cleaning service to pump out your system. Worst case would be to have this done every year but most systems can go up to two years before needing to be cleaned out. Properly taken care of a septic tank system will do its job efficiently with few problems to worry about.
The care and improvement of septic-tank systems is shrouded with a lot of myths that are the same the world over. Many people just seem to imagine that the septic tanks can just go on for years without them being evacuated.
It is just common knowledge that the longer the septic-tanks are left without them being taken care of, the harder the job will be due to the hardened sludge that had built up over the years. This is no small matter, and it might even require somebody to go in and dig it up eventually. Ordinarily, the good care of these tanks require that they are serviced annually for them to be emptied and cleaned well. It is the only way they can remain in good working condition.
Proper maintenance of the tanks system is necessary so that you can save costs in the long run and save you the headache of too much work if the tank fills up or gets blocked.
Another mistaken notion is that the home owner is not liable if the septic tank overflows. It should be clearly stated here that the sole responsibility for proper maintenance of the sewer tank lies squarely on the shoulders of the property owner.
The property owner remains liable in all issues pertaining to septic-tanks and that include things like blockage, overflow, and environmental impact and these will never be dealt with by the councils. The only time you will find the council comes into such issues will be when the landlord allows the septic tank to overflow to the extent of causing an environmental concern.
It is also a fallacy to think reason that your tank fully treats the sewage. Part of the sewer treatment process happens when the liquid waste enters the soil by way of what is known as soak-away. It reduces the bacteria in the tank, affluent and separates the solid waste that in turn will continue to accumulate in the tank until it is removed.
Lastly, it should also be understood that it is not everything that can be put into the septic tank. There are issues of harsh detergents plus other chemicals being put liberally into the septic tank. It has been proven that things like fats, other oils and solid things should not be allowed to go into it because they can interfere with the smooth running of a septic-tank. All these points should be observed to the letter, not unless you want to be given constant visits by a company. If these recommendations are overlooked, the result will be that general maintenance for unblocking or repairs can be extremely exorbitant.
Regular septic tank inspections done by a professional plumber can help avert a major disaster caused by a septic system failure. Unfortunately, these are more common than you would think. Because the septic system runs underground, most homeowners tend to ignore it. However, failure to carry out regular inspections of the sewer system can be a health hazard and can also result in destruction of the surrounding property.
Before buying a new home, it is crucial to find out as much as you can about the system. Find out how old the system is and whether or not is has been regularly maintained. Better still, get an inspection done so that you do not start having problems as soon as you buy it and shift in.
What Causes Failure Of The Septic System?
There are several different factors that may cause the septic system to fail. Some of the more common reasons include:
• The septic tank is too small
• The diameter of the drainage pipes are too small
• The drainfield is not large enough or it may not leveled correctly
• The soils in which the system is installed is unsuitable
• Tree roots have entered into the pipes and are causing a blockage
• Faulty surface drainage
The problem is, more often than not, by the time the homeowner realizes there is a problem the damage done would already be quite extensive. To make matters worse, without the proper knowledge and equipment it is almost impossible to determine the cause of the problem. Leaving it unattended or trying to contain the damage by trial and error will only make matters worse. The only way to prevent extensive damage is by calling in a professional to try and resolve the issue.
How Septic Tank Inspection and Maintenance Is Done
When you call a professional plumber to inspect the septic tank and carry out the necessary maintenance, they will come with all of the latest tools.
First they will test for a blockage or seepage by using a sewer camera or by the fluorescent dye method. After determining the exact cause of the problem, they will then use the correct tool to correct it. A sewer snake is usually used to clear a stubborn blockage if that is what is causing the problems. A sewer snake, also called an electric eel, is a long, slender and flexible pipe that is sent into the drain pipe. Though flexible and slender, the pipe is tough enough to dislodge the clog. If the blockage is caused by tree roots that have invaded the pipe, these are usually cut by using a specially designed device called a drain rooter.
Septic tanks help dispose of the dirty water from the house and purify it. However, for a septic tank to function efficiently, it must be maintained properly so that you do not have to suffer from clogged drains and a leaking plumbing system. Septic tank risers will help you have easier access to the area so that you can keep a check on it when necessary and also locate it easily.
Different Types of Septic Tank Risers
A septic tank riser will vary in size depending on the size of your tank. You will usually need one that is between six inches and twelve inches long with a diameter of twelve to twenty-four inches. If the container is buried deep underground, these devices may have to be stacked on top of each other.
There are three kinds of risers that you can purchase depending on the material that is used to make them.
The first and most basic option available is a concrete riser. This is usually quite heavy and it can be a little difficult to install. Concrete also suffer a lot of wear and tear so you may need to replace it often. This means that even though it is the cheapest option in the market, in the long run you may end up spending more because you will have to replace it more often than the others.
The other two options are PVC and Polyethylene risers. These are a lot more durable and they look better than the concrete ones. They are also lighter so it is easier to get them fitted to the tank. During their installation, gaskets are used in order to seal them. This makes the lids fit more securely and it prevents outside matter from getting inside the area. PVC and Polyethylene is also non-reactive to other chemicals so they don't get damaged easily and you will have to replace them very rarely.
Why Get a Riser?
A septic tank riser has two basic functions. First, it helps you locate the area. Even though this may not seem important, locating the container can often get difficult, especially when it is buried deep underground. In fact, building regulations now make it compulsory to install these accessories for all septic tanks that are located in the premises of the building. The other important function is to help you lift the lid of the container. Since these tanks are fastened securely and held down by steel screws, it can get very difficult to lift the lift without a riser. In fact, some risers are even made with structural ribs so that frost does not build on them and they can be used easily during all weather conditions.
Do you know where your septic tank is? Okay, so you can point to an area on your property and say "yeah, it's over there" with a hint of un-sureness. The next question is probably more important then the one just asked. Do you know where the lid to your septic tank is? Does that have you scratching your head?
Septic tanks by their very nature are buried, sometimes 3 feet or deeper underground. Out of sight out of mind so to speak. But that's not necessarily a good thing. There will come a time when your septic system begins to exhibit problems and needs some maintenance/repairs and the tank needs to be pumped out. Having a general idea as to the location of your tank can make getting this simple task done much more difficult.
There are two ways to deal with this problem and one way to make sure that in the future it won't be an issue. First let's look at finding the lid to the septic tank if you don't know where it is. You can either dig for it yourself or have the septic pumping service do it. Doing it your self can be time consuming and not a lot of fun. Having the pumping service do it can be costly.
Generally it is done in this fashion. You or someone you hire has to dig down until they find the top of the septic tank. That is usually the easy part of the process. Once you find the top of the tank you then need to find the lid. This can involve digging concentric circles outward from your initial hole until you find the lid. Once you find the lid now is the time to fix the problem; install a riser.
A septic tank riser is essentially a large tube that extends from the lid of the tank up to the surface of the ground. Once installed it will provide quick access to the septic tank that's easy to find any time there is a problem or it needs to be pumped out.
There are three basic types of risers to choose from; concrete, PVC, and polyethylene.
While concrete risers are generally cheaper it isn't the best choice. A concrete riser is heavy and may need heavy equipment to lift and install it. It is also more apt to leak then the other materials and may have rust problems if rebar is used to strengthen the cement.
PVC and polyethylene risers are lightweight and easy to install. They are resistant to corrosion and of course will not rust. They also incorporate a gasket seal to keep water from entering and prevent sewer gases from escaping from a leaky lid. The increased cost of these two types of risers is well worth it. They are virtually maintenance free and will easily last for the life of the whole septic system.
Every septic tank needs a riser and in many places they are now a code requirement. If you don't have one it might be worth having one installed before something goes wrong with your septic system. Quick access to the tank is one of the first steps to diagnosing any problems.
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