Septic systems are most often found in rural areas of 97372 and will consist of a series of pipes connecting it to the home, a septic tank, a filtering system to separate the solid waste from the liquid and connecting pipes that drain off the liquid waste into the yard, in a designated area called the drain field. These systems are often inspected before septic installation and tested afterwards, to make sure that it is operating properly.
Ownership of a septic tank system in 97372 means that everyone understands the importance of having regular septic tank inspection and septic pumping to catch potential problems before they happen. All too often, nothing is done until the worst happens, like the tank developing a leak, or it backs up into an area away from the drain field. Two easy ways to avoid this from happening include monitoring what goes into it as waste and remembering its physical location to avoid accidents.
When there is a septic system installation, the area where the septic tank is placed should be noted so that no accidental driving or parking of a heavy vehicle can occur. While most tanks are buried deep enough to avoid this, as a general principle it should be avoided to prevent damage to the tank in the future.
What are the health department regulations for a Septic Tank in 97372?
So you have realized that your septic tank is an important part of your property but how exactly do you maintain it? Much like a car, a little maintenance will go a long way towards the life system. Follow these steps to properly maintain your septic system.
1. Locate Your Tank
While this may seem obvious, finding your septic tank is a little more difficult than what many think. They are buried deep underground and if your house has any age to it there is probably no visible signs as to where your system could be. If you happen to have a basement you can go down and follow your sewer lines out the wall to give you an idea as to where your septic tank might be buried. Otherwise, leave it to the professionals to locate it. They have special tools like an insulated piping they stick deep into the ground to find your tank and all its's components. Once located make sure you mark it in some way for future reference.
2. Uncover the Manhole and Inspection Ports
More than likely the man hole and inspection ports on your septic tank are buried down with the tank itself. This will require some digging at might be wise to replace with elevated access covers or risers for future inspectors to easily locate your system.
3. Check Your Connections
Since you are already going to all this trouble to check your septic tank system it would be wise to go ahead and check all your plumbing as well. This can be easily done by flushing toilets, running water in faucets, or running a load through the washer to make sure all your plumbing connections are working properly and flowing through your tank.
4. Measure the Scum and Sludge Layers
Now we're to the nitty gritty. Let us preface by saying you should NOT do this your self. Allow a trained inspector measure your septic tank system. It can be very dangerous to try and do this without training. Inserting a tool through the inspection port, the inspector will measure your tank and see where your levels of scum and sludge lay. This will also include a visual inspection of these levels.
If the sludge depth is equal to 1/3 the liquid depth your septic tank is in need of a pumping. If the tank is 1/3 full in general it also will need to be pumped. It is highly advised to pump your system when the inspector recommends; like mentioned in previous posts a little work now will greatly increase the life of the tank and save you a lot of time and money.
**WORD OF CAUTION**
As mentioned above, ONLY allow a trained professional inspect your septic tank. This is a tank full of waste; toxic gases created by the natural process in the tank can kill in MINUTES. Merely looking down into the tank can be hazardous to your health.
5. Checking your Septic Tank and It's Drainfield
After checking the scum and sludge layers of the tank the inspector will check for any cracks in the walls and drainfield for any signs of failure. If there are any additional pieces of equipment with your septic tank system, such as a distribution box, drop box, or pump, he will inspect these as well. After a thorough inspection the inspector will give you his recommendation as to what you should do to properly maintain your septic tank.
If you need to pump your septic tank it is very important that you hire a professional licensed contractor. There are many things that could be damaged in the process of pumping your tank, such as the contractor using the inspection port instead of the manhole to pump out the waste. It is recommended to be present at the time the contractor is pumping your tank. Since you are spending all the time and money on getting your tank cleaned, make sure that he pumps it ALL. You do not need to have anything in your septic tank to restart the process inside the tank, nor do you need to scrub or clean the inside of the septic tank.
This is the single most important thing you can do for your system. If it gets too full solids can move to the drainfield causing clogging and a whole "heap" of other problems.
Septic tank is a necessity in every household when there is no available centralized community wastewater treatment especially in the rural areas. Septic is where all the wastewater from the household runs into before it is drained in the environment. Maintaining and taking care of your septic system is not difficult because the modern design of septic tank system functions efficiently. There is however few guidelines you need to follow in order to keep your tank functioning effectively for a long time. Here are some tips to have a trouble-free tank system.
First, you must not allow the rainwater coming from the roof gutters to be diverted at the drainfield. A wet drainfield may no longer absorb and neutralize the effluent liquid from the septic system. The drainfield must be kept dry at most times because that is where the liquid from the septic system goes. You must plan your landscaping by planting grass on top of the drainfield. They will help absorb the excess water when the drainfield becomes soggy. Just make sure that the grasses will not have roots that can reach the lateral pipes to prevent going through the perforations. Additionally, keep trees away from the septic system. The roots of the trees can damage the pipes and the septic tank itself.
Second, you must avoid overloading the septic tank by reducing excessive use of water. Check your faucets of any leaks and repair at once. You can also use aerators on faucets and flow reducer nozzles on bathroom showers to lessen the consumption of water. When doing your laundry reduce the water levels especially for small loads. If you will run the dishwasher wait until it is full. Do not use the dishwasher for small dishes so you'll prevent using water often. Reduce the amount of water needed to flush the toilet by using displacer. You will not only overload the septic tank system but you can also save water.
Third, do not make your toilets as garbage disposal. Avoid flushing disposable diapers, sanitary napkins, paper towels, facial tissue, coffee ground, cigarette butts and filters. They will fill your septic tank system because some of these items are not biodegradable. They will also clog your septic tank system in less time and may pose bigger problems. Wise use of garbage disposal must be practiced. The amount of garbage that is added in the septic system can pile up and make it fail. Choose a top of the line garbage grinder so foods will be ground into tiny particles before it is disposed to the septic system. In this way it will be easier for the septic system to digest it.
Minimize the use of heavy cleaners and products with anti bacterial ingredients because this will kill the beneficial bacteria in the septic tank. The natural bacteria are the one that help in the digestion process of the wastewater in breaking down the solids turning it into liquid effluents. Additionally, avoid pouring hazardous chemicals, varnish, paints, thinner, gasoline, motor oils and other chemicals that may not only ruin the septic system but is also dangerous to the environment.
Regular septic tank inspections done by a professional plumber can help avert a major disaster caused by a septic system failure. Unfortunately, these are more common than you would think. Because the septic system runs underground, most homeowners tend to ignore it. However, failure to carry out regular inspections of the sewer system can be a health hazard and can also result in destruction of the surrounding property.
Before buying a new home, it is crucial to find out as much as you can about the system. Find out how old the system is and whether or not is has been regularly maintained. Better still, get an inspection done so that you do not start having problems as soon as you buy it and shift in.
What Causes Failure Of The Septic System?
There are several different factors that may cause the septic system to fail. Some of the more common reasons include:
• The septic tank is too small
• The diameter of the drainage pipes are too small
• The drainfield is not large enough or it may not leveled correctly
• The soils in which the system is installed is unsuitable
• Tree roots have entered into the pipes and are causing a blockage
• Faulty surface drainage
The problem is, more often than not, by the time the homeowner realizes there is a problem the damage done would already be quite extensive. To make matters worse, without the proper knowledge and equipment it is almost impossible to determine the cause of the problem. Leaving it unattended or trying to contain the damage by trial and error will only make matters worse. The only way to prevent extensive damage is by calling in a professional to try and resolve the issue.
How Septic Tank Inspection and Maintenance Is Done
When you call a professional plumber to inspect the septic tank and carry out the necessary maintenance, they will come with all of the latest tools.
First they will test for a blockage or seepage by using a sewer camera or by the fluorescent dye method. After determining the exact cause of the problem, they will then use the correct tool to correct it. A sewer snake is usually used to clear a stubborn blockage if that is what is causing the problems. A sewer snake, also called an electric eel, is a long, slender and flexible pipe that is sent into the drain pipe. Though flexible and slender, the pipe is tough enough to dislodge the clog. If the blockage is caused by tree roots that have invaded the pipe, these are usually cut by using a specially designed device called a drain rooter.
Septic tanks help dispose of the dirty water from the house and purify it. However, for a septic tank to function efficiently, it must be maintained properly so that you do not have to suffer from clogged drains and a leaking plumbing system. Septic tank risers will help you have easier access to the area so that you can keep a check on it when necessary and also locate it easily.
Different Types of Septic Tank Risers
A septic tank riser will vary in size depending on the size of your tank. You will usually need one that is between six inches and twelve inches long with a diameter of twelve to twenty-four inches. If the container is buried deep underground, these devices may have to be stacked on top of each other.
There are three kinds of risers that you can purchase depending on the material that is used to make them.
The first and most basic option available is a concrete riser. This is usually quite heavy and it can be a little difficult to install. Concrete also suffer a lot of wear and tear so you may need to replace it often. This means that even though it is the cheapest option in the market, in the long run you may end up spending more because you will have to replace it more often than the others.
The other two options are PVC and Polyethylene risers. These are a lot more durable and they look better than the concrete ones. They are also lighter so it is easier to get them fitted to the tank. During their installation, gaskets are used in order to seal them. This makes the lids fit more securely and it prevents outside matter from getting inside the area. PVC and Polyethylene is also non-reactive to other chemicals so they don't get damaged easily and you will have to replace them very rarely.
Why Get a Riser?
A septic tank riser has two basic functions. First, it helps you locate the area. Even though this may not seem important, locating the container can often get difficult, especially when it is buried deep underground. In fact, building regulations now make it compulsory to install these accessories for all septic tanks that are located in the premises of the building. The other important function is to help you lift the lid of the container. Since these tanks are fastened securely and held down by steel screws, it can get very difficult to lift the lift without a riser. In fact, some risers are even made with structural ribs so that frost does not build on them and they can be used easily during all weather conditions.
Do you know where your septic tank is? Okay, so you can point to an area on your property and say "yeah, it's over there" with a hint of un-sureness. The next question is probably more important then the one just asked. Do you know where the lid to your septic tank is? Does that have you scratching your head?
Septic tanks by their very nature are buried, sometimes 3 feet or deeper underground. Out of sight out of mind so to speak. But that's not necessarily a good thing. There will come a time when your septic system begins to exhibit problems and needs some maintenance/repairs and the tank needs to be pumped out. Having a general idea as to the location of your tank can make getting this simple task done much more difficult.
There are two ways to deal with this problem and one way to make sure that in the future it won't be an issue. First let's look at finding the lid to the septic tank if you don't know where it is. You can either dig for it yourself or have the septic pumping service do it. Doing it your self can be time consuming and not a lot of fun. Having the pumping service do it can be costly.
Generally it is done in this fashion. You or someone you hire has to dig down until they find the top of the septic tank. That is usually the easy part of the process. Once you find the top of the tank you then need to find the lid. This can involve digging concentric circles outward from your initial hole until you find the lid. Once you find the lid now is the time to fix the problem; install a riser.
A septic tank riser is essentially a large tube that extends from the lid of the tank up to the surface of the ground. Once installed it will provide quick access to the septic tank that's easy to find any time there is a problem or it needs to be pumped out.
There are three basic types of risers to choose from; concrete, PVC, and polyethylene.
While concrete risers are generally cheaper it isn't the best choice. A concrete riser is heavy and may need heavy equipment to lift and install it. It is also more apt to leak then the other materials and may have rust problems if rebar is used to strengthen the cement.
PVC and polyethylene risers are lightweight and easy to install. They are resistant to corrosion and of course will not rust. They also incorporate a gasket seal to keep water from entering and prevent sewer gases from escaping from a leaky lid. The increased cost of these two types of risers is well worth it. They are virtually maintenance free and will easily last for the life of the whole septic system.
Every septic tank needs a riser and in many places they are now a code requirement. If you don't have one it might be worth having one installed before something goes wrong with your septic system. Quick access to the tank is one of the first steps to diagnosing any problems.
Septic Tank Inspection Oregon